HOW IS OLIVE OIL MADE?
Olive oil, a crucial component of the Mediterranean diet, is widely consumed in our country. This product, often referred to as "liquid gold" due to its properties and health benefits, plays a pivotal role in our cuisine. But how is olive oil actually made?
Although we are all familiar with it and understand its benefits, it's interesting to learn about the process behind this wonderful product, from the harvesting of olives to the final packaging. Here, we outline each step of the olive oil production process:
1. Harvesting and Transporting the Olive: The extraction of oil begins with the harvesting of olives at their optimal ripeness, depending on the type of olive. Harvesting can be done manually or mechanically, as in the case of beating. It is crucial to transport the olives to the olive mill within a maximum of 24 hours to preserve all their properties.
2. Washing, Cleaning, and Removing Leaves: Olives are washed to remove impurities such as stones, sand, or soil. Modern technology with sensors ensures efficient cleaning, preserving the quality of the product.
3. Crushing the Olive: The olive, including the pit, is crushed to obtain a paste with the right granulometry. This process aims to release the small oil particles inside the fruit.
4. Beating the Mash: After crushing, the mash is beaten to facilitate the release of oil. This physical process separates the solid and liquid parts, easing the separation of water and oil.
5. Centrifugation, Oil Extraction: The resulting paste is introduced into a centrifuge, which separates the oil, water, and pomace due to different densities. The temperature is controlled to preserve the product's properties.
6. Storage, Preservation, and Packaging of the Oil: The oil is stored in stainless steel tanks at a constant temperature. During this time, the oil acquires nuances, sensations, and pleasant touches in its flavor, transforming into "liquid gold." Finally, it is packaged in glass, cans, coated cardboard, or PET to prevent light penetration and preserve its properties.
The production process of olive oil is not a simple matter; rather, it is quite the opposite. Now that you know how olive oil is made, you can appreciate the various phases, the labor involved, and the time required to produce this exceptional product.